With the growing pressures on the global fisheries to provide more and more product than is readily available, the aquaculture or *mariculture industry has become more and more prominent in recent years. Between 2002 and 2012, the farming of finfish and shellfish has been expanding at a rate of 6.1% annually, with the global industry having an estimated value of $137.7 billion (FAO, 2012). The Irish industry alone accounts for €115 million as of 2014 (BIM, 2014). This increase allows for human demand not to be limited by ocean productivity. However, there are many constraints placed upon aquaculture that can become issues for the coastal communities involved in aquaculture production. These constraints include.
- Spread of Disease
- The Need for Space
- Complexity of Lifecycles
- Public Perception
- Seaweed / Algae Mariculture
- Farmed Escapees
The information contained in these blog series was researched and compiled by Seán MacGabhann as part of a larger literature review looking at West Cork’s coastline, and has been edited and contributed to by Orla-Peach Power unless otherwise stated.
* Mariculture involves the cultivation of marine organisms for food in the open water (i.e. farming of oysters/salmon)
FAO (2002) The state of world fisheries and aquaculture, FAO, Sofia.
BIM (2014) Bord Iascaigh Mhara Aquaculture Survey.